Curriculum experts help review

Written by admin on 07/30/2019 Categories: 苏州美睫

Australia’s curriculum developers have emphasised in a submission to an independent review the large amount of consulting and the lengthy time taken to create subjects to be taught.


The Australian Curriculum and Reporting Authority notes that ministers from every state and territory and the Commonwealth have to endorse each subject before it can be published.

The authority’s statement outlines the process the authority has gone through during the past five years to develop the national curriculum.

It published 30 subjects, ranging from foundation or kindergarten to Year 12.

Each subject takes two to three years to develop and almost 17,000 submissions have been considered in their formation.

The authority decided that the topics of indigenous history and culture, engagement with Asia and sustainability could be taught under other relevant subjects rather than being subjects in themselves, chairman Barry McGaw said on Monday.

For example, under the maths curriculum, Year 10 students studying statistics can compare data for the entire Australian population with data for indigenous people.

Professor McGaw says there is international interest in ACARA’s work and Australia is recognised as a world leader.

“We have not yet seen the true benefits of a national curriculum,” he said.

While change would always be debated, the imperative was for any revisions to be evidence-based and focused on achieving the best possible education outcomes.

Reviewers Kevin Donnelly and Ken Wiltshire will report to the government by the end of July.

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Rain delay sets NSW up for Shield title

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NSW are set to win their first Sheffield Shield title since 2008, with rain wiping out the majority of day four’s play in the final against Western Australia.


The Blues, who are a commanding 326 runs ahead, are 3-59 in their second innings at Canberra’s Manuka Oval.

They added just 13 runs for the loss of one wicket in the first hour of play on Monday before rain intervened.

The rain continued throughout the day before play was abandoned at 4.45pm, which suits NSW, as they only require a draw in the five-day final to claim the Shield for a 46th time since the competition started in 1892-93.

WA will now need to perform the highly improbable task of taking seven lightning-quick wickets then chasing down upwards of 350 runs all in the final day’s play.

WA skipper Adam Voges refused to give up hope, despite forecasts for more rain on Tuesday.

“It’s incredibly frustrating, obviously we had a long way to try and claw our way back into the game, but this weather hasn’t helped,” he said.

WA got off to a good start on Monday, paceman Jason Behrendorff (2-30) jagging the wicket of Ben Rohrer (27) just minutes before the rain started with a solid edge to keeper Sam Whiteman.

But their uphill battle will be made all the more difficult with Blues skipper Steve Smith looking in good nick on 31 not out.

“We’ll be realistic, the chances are slim, but we’ve got to hang on to that slim hope,” Voges said.

“If we can get seven wickets, we’ll throw the (Marsh brothers) up the top and let them have a licence.”

NSW’s dominant position was set up by a six-wicket haul to paceman Josh Hazlewood and a classy ton from Test squad all-rounder Moises Henriques, the duo delivering a killer one-two blow to WA’s hopes of winning their first Shield in 15 years.

Yet NSW coach Trevor Bayliss said it was too early to declare the title a sure thing.

“We’re obviously in a very good position,” he said.

“But you just never know do you? We lost 5-25 in the first innings.

“That would give the opposition a sniff and you never know what could happen.”

Meanwhile, NSW all-rounder Stephen O’Keefe has received a fine for breaching the Cricket Australia code of behaviour on day two of the final.

O’Keefe accepted a 20 per cent fine of his match fee for abuse of equipment in the player’s race after he was dismissed in a tight lbw decision.

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Tas DPP in wrong lane for 1km, court hears

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Tasmania’s director of public prosecutions drove in the wrong lane for up to a kilometre before a fatal crash, a Hobart court has heard.


Prosecutors say Tim Ellis’s Mercedes was seen by witnesses being driven “immaculately” in an overtaking lane for traffic coming in the opposite direction.

They allege he was on the wrong side of double lines when his car collided with a Toyota Corolla being driven by 27-year-old Launceston woman Natalia Pearn, who was killed.

Mr Ellis has pleaded not guilty to negligent driving causing death after the crash on the Midland Highway a year ago.

In a police interview played to the court, Ellis said he had no recollection of the impact and a sleep apnoea episode was the only explanation for him allegedly driving in the wrong lane.

Ellis was diagnosed with the sleeping disorder 18 months before the accident, the Hobart Magistrates Court heard in evidence from his wife Anita Smith, who was in the Mercedes when it crashed.

“I do have a history of this,” Ellis said in the interview.

“I thought I’d overcome it.

“I have no other explanation.”

The court heard Ellis used an air-pressure mask to treat the condition and, on occasion, sleeping tablets.

Alcohol and drugs were not present in blood tests taken after the accident.

Ms Smith said her husband’s sleep had improved markedly since he’d received treatment.

She described him as a safe and careful driver who she had never seen fall asleep at the wheel.

Ms Smith broke down as she told the court of the moments after the impact.

“It was the loudest noise I’ve ever heard in my life,” she said.

“It was like a hole had opened up in the earth and we’d gone through it.

“I presumed I was dead.”

The Mercedes hit another car before coming to rest.

Ellis and Ms Smith suffered serious fractures.

Crash investigator Senior Constable Kelly Cordwell said the Mercedes and Toyota had collided partially head-on.

She said no evidence of sudden braking or evasive steering had been found.

Prosecutors have tended a police video with re-enactments of a similar car driving the same stretch of the highway.

They say it shows the Mercedes would have needed steering correction to stay in the overtaking lane.

Ellis has been suspended on full pay until the matter is resolved.

The hearing will continue on Tuesday.

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Lauren Jackson impressed by Aussie size

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Recuperating Lauren Jackson says she is daunted by the prospect of returning to train against the deepest pool of bigs she can ever remember in her time with the Australian basketball team.


Opals stalwarts Jackson and Penny Taylor were excited and impressed by Australia’s emerging basketball talent on display at a training camp in Canberra on Monday.

Four of the nation’s most successful exports reunited after a four-year gap and joined the younger brigade.

Jackson, Taylor, Liz Cambage and Erin Phillips haven’t played together since the 2010 world championships, when Australia finished fifth.

Jackson is taking a watching brief this week as recent knee and ankle surgery will sideline her until June or July.

And she was impressed with what she saw.

“There’s just so much strength and height,” Jackson said.

“It’s actually kind of daunting really, thinking I have to come back and train against these guys.”

Jackson will miss the upcoming WNBA season, but Opals coach Brendan Joyce wasn’t concerned about her match fitness heading into the world championships in late September.

“Because she’s going to end up with 11 games under her belt,” Joyce said, referring to planned tours of Japan and Europe.

Taylor, who has battled for much of the past two years with knee injuries, hopes to be fit for the start of the WNBA season in May.

“It’s really exciting to see twenty year-olds and 19 year-olds with such great talent and athletic ability,” Taylor said.

“I think the reason I’m having some difficulties coming back is because of the time I put in and the miles I put on the clock beforehand.”

Phillips, who has been traded from Indiana to Phoenix where she will join Taylor, was delighted to be back in the Opals’ fold after missing out on the 2012 Olympics.

“It was disappointing to miss out on London, but it didn’t shut any doors or burn any bridges, so it’s just great to be back,” Phillips said.

“We want to win a gold medal now. We’ve got the players here that can do it.”

Cambage wasn’t concerned that three-time WNBL MVP Suzy Batkovic and another established Opal, Jenna O’Hea, were not making themselves available for the world championships.

“I think it’s their loss to be honest, we’ve got so much great talent,” said Cambage, who has yet to decide whether she will pay in the WNBA this season.

With players scattered across Europe and America, Joyce didn’t expect his final squad to play more than three leadup games to the world championships.

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China jails man for Tiananmen protest plan

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A Chinese court has jailed for 18 months a man who applied to hold a protest on the anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square killings.


Gu Yimin was found guilty of “inciting state subversion” for posting pictures of the 1989 crackdown online and applying for permission to stage a protest on its anniversary last year, his lawyer Liu Weiguo said on Monday.

“This judgment violates the constitution,” Liu said, adding that Gu would appeal the verdict, handed down by a court in Changshu in the eastern province of Jiangsu.

“We maintain that Gu Yimin was exercising his right to freedom of speech.”

Liu added that men he believed to be state security officers had assaulted him and another lawyer outside the courthouse.

Hundreds of protesters – by some estimates, thousands – were killed in 1989 when the Chinese army cracked down on their pro-democracy movement in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, the symbolic heart of the Chinese state.

The ruling Communist party remains intolerant of dissent and tightly censors public discussion of the crackdown.

Gu applied to local authorities to hold a small-scale protest on June 4 last year, the 24th anniversary of the event, his wife Xu Yan previously told AFP.

He stood trial in September and denied the charges, his lawyer said at the time, adding that Gu, 36, had called-off his protest when authorities warned him not to go ahead.

“There is nothing illegal about posting a photograph of a genuine incident,” Liu said.

“If his activities caused damage to the (Communist) party, that’s not the same as damaging the state.”

Charges of incitement to state subversion have previously been used to imprison political dissidents.

Nobel prizewinner Liu Xiaobo was sentenced to 11 years in jail for the crime in 2009 after circulating a petition calling for political reforms including democratic elections.

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Work together to tackle disasters: report

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Australians would be better protected from fires, floods and storms if disaster planning and research was better coordinated, a business group says.


The Australian Business Roundtable for Disaster Resilience and Safer Communities has commissioned a report that will take stock of data and research on natural hazards, analyising where gaps exist and how it could be made more accessible.

The group is made up of insurers IAG and Munich Re, Investa Property Group, Australian Red Cross, Optus and Westpac.

“It’s not clear who is doing what, where overlaps exist and what is not being researched extensively enough,” Insurance Australia Group chief executive Mike Wilkins said.

“A more coordinated approach to research would enable government, industry and community to more easily identify information that could help save lives and property.

“It would also help ensure funds are directed into research areas where they can have the most benefit.”

In 2013 the business roundtable produced a report that found the cost of natural disasters in Australia would rise from $6.3 billion a year to about $23 billion in 2050.

Half of that amount could be saved by pre-disaster investment to build resilience to make communities safer, rather than the current focus which is dominated by investment in disaster recovery, the report said.

The business group’s next report, expected to be completed by mid-2014, will also include assessment of research into the long-term psychological and social cost of natural disasters.

As Victoria recently marked the fifth anniversary of the Black Saturday bushfires, mental health professionals spoke out about people from affected areas suffering post-traumatic stress disorders.

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US top court weighs religious rights

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Hobby Lobby’s 556 arts and crafts stores across the United States are closed on Sundays, and billionaire CEO David Green says the chain’s true owner is God.


His religious beliefs put him at odds with health care laws demanding the company provide contraceptive options in its employee health plans. And so US Supreme Court justices will hear arguments on Tuesday in a high-stakes religious freedom case brought by Green’s firm.

Green says his company, which follows “biblical principles” and thanks “God’s grace and provision” for its success, cannot comply with the Affordable Care Act rules brought about by President Barack Obama’s sweeping health care overhaul.

Green is defending his company’s objections to requirements it provide specific emergency contraceptives and intrauterine devices to its 28,000 employees.

“These abortion-causing drugs go against our faith and our family is now being forced to choose between following the laws of the land that we love or maintaining the religious beliefs that have made our business successful and have supported our family and thousands of our employees and their families,” Green has said.

“We simply cannot abandon our religious beliefs to comply with this mandate.”

The so-called Obamacare law has been the subject of fierce criticism since its shaky introduction in October, and companies have filed dozens of lawsuits in federal courts challenging the law’s birth control coverage.

Green’s religious freedom case, which marks the second time the Supreme Court is examining a challenge to the health law, could have broad implications for other companies claiming they are entitled to the same religious protections as churches or people.

Although Hobby Lobby does cover most types of contraception in its employee health plan, it equates certain emergency contraceptives – required under Obama’s health care law, such as the morning-after pill – with abortion .

Hobby Lobby’s Christian education business Mardel is also part of the suit, which is being heard alongside another from Conestoga Wood Specialties Corp, a Pennsylvania cabinetmaker whose owners say they run the company based on their Mennonite Christian values.

The Obama administration, which has exempted religious congregations from the contraceptive rule, says that a for-profit company such as Hobby Lobby does not enjoy the same religious protections afforded to individuals under the US Constitution’s First Amendment.

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Explainer: What is being examined at the Royal Commission this week?

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Beatings and rape at NSW state homePell asked to ‘tell truth’ at inquiryChurch viewed abuse victims as ‘enemies’Background

The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sex Abuse was launched in 2013 to examine how certain institutions responded to allegations and instances of child sexual abuse.


The six-member commission is chaired by Justice Peter McClellan.

The other five commissioners are former Queensland Police Commissioner, Bob Atkinson, Family Court Judge and former Victorian Coroner, Jennifer Coate, Productivity Commissioner, Robert Fitzgerald, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Helen Milroy and former Senator for Western Australia, Andrew Murray.

The date for the final report from the commission is yet to be announced but is expected to be around the end of 2015.

The schedule of the commission includes private sessions in capital cities and regional areas as well as public hearings on specific case studies.

Past cases

The commission has held hearings on a number of cases, including a public hearing into the response of the Salvation Army (Eastern Territory) to abuse claims inside four of its homes: Alkira Salvation Army Home for Boys (Queensland), Riverview Training Farm (Queensland), Bexley Boys’ Home (NSW) and Gill Memorial Home (NSW).

One former Bexley resident – known as “FV” – described being introduced to a man and a woman by Superintendent of the home, Captain Lawrence Wilson.

He said the pair took home to their home and sexually abused him, and when he later reported the abuse to Captain Wilson, he was punished.

FV said the impact of this incident, and others similar, had been devastating.

“The sexual attacks on myself are the hardest things to deal with, one day you are a boy the next you are a shell walking around,” he said.

In February, the commission held a hearing into the experiences of women sexually abused while committed inside The Parramatta Girls’ Training School in Sydney and The Institution for Girls in Hay, NSW.

The commission heard that girls were held in isolation, subjected to sexual and verbal abuse and many self-harmed.

Former inmate Mary Hooker said the girls were derided and dehumanised inside the home.

“We had numbers, not names,” she said. “I was 127.”


Today the royal commission enters its third week of a hearing examining the Catholic Church’s response to a complaint of sexual abuse made by former altar boy, John Ellis.

Mr Ellis made his complaint to Towards Healing – the internal church process for dealing with victims of abuse – in May 2002.

He was 13 when he was sexually abused by father Aidan Duggan at Bass Hill between 1974 and 1979.

By the time the complaint was made, Mr Duggan had dementia and did not face questioning.

The internal church process accepted his allegations to be true but when Mr Ellis unsuccessfully sued the Catholic Church in 2007, the church’s legal team disputed the abuse had taken place.

This position was  under scrutiny today, with the former Catholic Archbishop of Sydney George Pell taking the stand about 10am to answer questions about his role in the litigation process.

At a hearing last week, Dr Pell’s private secretary Dr Michael Casey said he had been following instruction over the matter, during hours of questioning about the case.

“I would have relied on the legal advice of our legal advisers,” he said.

“And my understanding, I certainly understood I was acting honestly and fairly and the issue of not admitting the abuse in Mr Ellis’s case, I always understood it more as a matter of non-admission.”

Dr Casey alleged that it was Dr Pell’s direction for the legal team to take a firm position.

In a statement tendered today, Dr Pell acknowledged that mistakes had been made.

“I met with Mr Ellis and his wife in 2009. I acknowledged to him then, and I repeat now, that in responding to his Towards Healing complaint, mistakes were made by me and by others in the Church that resulted in driving Mr Ellis and the Archdiocese apart rather than bringing healing,” the statement read.

“I acknowledge and regret those mistakes, particularly the unacceptable delay from the date of his complaint to assessment. Also, certain steps were taken in the litigation that now cause me concern and that I would not repeat.”

“Lessons have been learned. Following the conclusion of Mr Ellis’ court case, I commissioned a review of the Archdiocese’s Towards Healing files to see whether processes had been followed appropriately.

“As a result of that review, I made a submission in 2009 to the review of Towards Healingand made another submission regarding Towards Healing in 2011, suggesting improvements I thought could be made to address issues such as delay, an improved pastoralresponse to victims of abuse and the quality of investigations.”

He said in the statement that he was committed to making the Church a safer environment for children.

“The crimes that were committed against Mr Ellis and others by priests and others in the community should never have occurred. The Catholic community should be one of the safest places for children and young people and it is a completely unacceptable failure whenever a child has been hurt by a sexual predator in the church. There is always more to be done and better ways of doing things. I am serious about preventing these crimes and our efforts have already had a good measure of success.”

What’s next?

The Royal Commission will next hold private sessions in capital cities and regional areas before moving on to case study 10 in Sydney.

That hearing will focus on the [Eastern Territory] Salvation Army’s procedures for responding to abuse claims at its children’s homes between 1993 and 2014.

A full schedule of the commission hearings in coming months can be found here.

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Vic mum taunts ex-partner over murder

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A Victorian mother of six killed her ex-partner’s mother and then phoned him to taunt him about what she had done.


Leah Marie Stensholt will spend at least 16 years in jail for the murder of Carol McDonald.

Stensholt had just argued with her former partner about their children when she drove to his mother’s home in Moyston, in the state’s west, to confront her late on May 5 last year.

When the 65-year-old woman would not let her in, Stensholt grabbed her around the throat, forced her into the kitchen and stabbed her in the throat with a knife she found in a drawer.

The 42-year-old returned to her nearby home where she rang her former partner Paul McDonald and told him what she had done.

“I’ve just killed your f****** mother and you’re next,” she said.

“Ring your mother. You won’t get her, I’ve just killed her.”

Stensholt, who had three children with Mr McDonald, was sentenced to a maximum of 20 years’ jail at the Victorian Supreme Court, in Ballarat, on Monday.

Justice Elizabeth Curtain described the murder as cruel, callous, brutal and vindictive.

The court heard Stensholt had separated from Mr McDonald in 2008 after a volatile relationship, marked by his heavy drinking.

On the day she killed his mother, Mr McDonald had refused to return two of their children after a weekend with him and said he would be taking the matter to court.

Stensholt told police that when she was driving to Mrs McDonald’s house she was really angry at Mr McDonald and his mother for all they had put her through over the years and that Mrs McDonald “started it years ago, making out that I was crazy”.

When asked if Mrs McDonald had done anything to provoke her, she said: “no, just her little laugh”.

Judge Curtain said in her sentencing she took into account Stensholt’s immediate admission of guilt, her otherwise good character, her diagnosis of borderline personality disorder and her difficult early life.

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Hazard for firies acted on: Vic fire chief

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Victoria’s fire chief denies union claims that warnings firefighters were being exposed to hazardous material at a coalmine were ignored.


The United Firefighters Union (UFU) says a leaked letter, dated February 13, was not passed on to firefighters working on the Hazelwood open-cut mine fire, where they were exposed to dangerously high carbon monoxide levels.

Fire Services Commissioner Craig Lapsley said February 13 marked the turning point where the fire became a hazardous materials incident.

“It meant that we were using hazardous-materials procedures to work on a fire that is not normal,” Mr Lapsley told reporters on Monday.

UFU national secretary Peter Marshall said he believed firefighters were treated like canaries in the mine, with no clear justification for determining the carbon monoxide level at which it was safe for crews to enter.

“The CFA and MFB’s (Metropolitan Fire Brigade) consultants say firefighters were unnecessarily and knowingly exposed to high levels of carbon monoxide that could’ve been, and knowingly are, detrimental to their health,” Mr Marshall told ABC Radio.

Mr Lapsley said that in the first few days of battling the mine fire 17 firefighters were detected with elevated levels of carbon monoxide.

Authorities then sought and acted on advice by a peer-review panel, with the measurement of carbon monoxide validated by the chief health officer and the EPA.

Firefighters were also given detectors to mitigate carbon monoxide risks in pockets of the mine, Mr Lapsley said.

“I don’t believe at all that we’ve compromised anyone’s safety. I think we were very dynamic about what we were dealing with,” he said.

The fire chief said the terms of reference of an independent inquiry into the fire are broad enough to tackle issues concerning the response by fire services.

Sixty per cent of the coalmine has been declared safe after the fire but two other areas of the mine are still being worked on.

The blaze began on February 9 when a deliberately lit fire spotted into the mine.

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On your bike son!

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Two years, three months and three days.


Or 816 days to be exact.

That is how long it had been since I bought my son his first bike for his fifth birthday.

On a cold, miserable November day in London, I carried the bike to our home, radiating in the warmth of the thought of the joy I’d be bringing my son.

The bike was, and still is, an army green but little was I to know about the combat that lay in front of me.

After the initial joy of receiving the bike, Sam was not certain of it.

We tried to take him out on it during the winter but other than making sure the training wheels were flat on the ground, he made little progress.

As the weather warmed, we tried again.

Sam didn’t mind his bike but didn’t want the slightest of wobbles.

We threatened to take off his training wheels. He refused to budge.

I threatened in fury to give the bike away. He successfully called my bluff.

So a year after the arrival of the bike it was packed up and sent back to Australia with the rest of our possessions.

Back home, we tried with little success.

I considered a change of tactics and took off the training wheels.

Sam was up for the challenge. Well, sort of.

He begrudgingly came along but empowered with knowledge of the brakes, stopped the bike as soon as he felt I was no longer in contact with it.

He managed to crash in such a way as to take the maximum amount of bark off his leg and wonder what form of child abuse I was subjecting him to.

So the unwanted cycle continued.

Sam refused to get back on the bike, Dad’s face became flushed with anger. Mum told Dad to calm down. Dad got even angrier and Sam wondered what impact the bike was having on the family unit.

After countless aborted attempts, bike riding went into hiatus … again.

The bike sat in the shed during winter and Sam wondered when I was going to give it away to another boy.

But it stayed, never underestimate how long a tightwad will hold onto a bike he forked out 100 pounds for.

Another summer rolled around and there was brief talk of Sam having another crack at riding the bike.

For the benefit of the father-son relationship, it was put on hold. Why spoil a golden summer?

Then it happened. The Eureka moment. Having travelled to Thredbo on short notice for a quick family break, we lucked on arriving at the same time as a round of the Australian mountain biking national series.

By this stage, I was never going to convince Sam to try cycling again. That ship had sailed, hit an iceberg and sank into the Mariana Trench.

But cool, young guys strutting around the alpine village and charging down the mountain with gravity-defying skills, well that was different.

So after hours watching them practise, Sam wanted to have a go. He didn’t want to ride a bike anymore, he wanted to mountain bike.

With immaculate timing, his enthusiasm came a few minutes after the bike hire shop had shut for the day.

He woke up the next morning, not so sure. He had had too much time to think about it and wanted to chicken out.

It was in the balance again. With the sort of pep talk that would make Dr Phil proud, I lured him onto the village green.

I pushed him off and this time, this time, he kept on pedalling and pedalling.

He only went for a dozen metres before his customary fall to the right and slight grazing of the back of the leg from the chain.

But it didn’t matter. He knew he could do it and jumped up and down in celebration. In front of about two dozen people at a fly fishing clinic, I looked to the heavens and yelled expletives of joy.

Call it mountain magic, I don’t care. 816 days after buying my son a bike, he was riding one.


GETTING THERE: Thredbo is 5.5-hour drive south-west from Sydney, 2.5 hours from Canberra and about 7.5 from Melbourne.

STAYING THERE: A three-night stay (outside peak season) at a two-bedroom apartment at Thredbo Alpine Apartments costs $454 as part of the three-for-two package.

PLAYING THERE: There is hiking and biking for all levels of fitness. The kids will love the bobsled and the aquatics centre, which includes a waterslide. Plus, there are tennis courts, a nine-hole golf course and fly fishing opportunities on Thredbo River. For more info and pricing on activities, go to thredbo广西桑拿,广西桑拿网,. For the Kids Play Free Family Adventure, go to thredbo广西桑拿,广西桑拿网,/packages/family-adventure.

*The writer travelled as a guest of Thredbo Resort

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